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Used by
Element ms:function
Namespace http://w3id.org/meta-share/meta-share/
Annotations
Specifies the operation/function/task that a software object performs
Diagram
Diagram OMTD-SHARE-elements_xsd_Simple_Type_omtd_Operation.tmp#Operation
Type omtd:Operation
Properties
content simple
Facets
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Evaluation
The task/process of assessing the quality of a resource, e.g. based on the contents (for a dataset) or performance (for a tool or service)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/EvaluationOfMachineTranslationAndTranslationTools
The task/process of assessing the quality performance of machine translation tools
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SpeechSynthesisEvaluation
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/DeepParserPerformanceEvaluation
The task/process of measuring the speed and accuracy of deep parsers with respect to a manually parsed test corpus.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TaskOrientedTextAnalysisEvaluation
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/EvaluationOfBroadCoverageNaturalLanguageParsers
The task/process of assessing the quality performance of parsers
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/NaturalLanguageGeneration
The task/process of generating natural language text from some non-linguistic representation of information.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SpokenLanguageGeneration
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SyntacticStructureGeneration
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TextGeneration
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SpeechSynthesis
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SignLanguageGeneration
The task/process of generating videos in sign language
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Conjugation
The act of generating (listing in a prescribed order) the various inflectional forms of a word
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TextToSpeechSynthesis
The task/process of converting speech into natural language text
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/DocumentReading
The task/process of converting the contents of a digital document into speech in order to aid mainly individuals with visual impairments
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Summarization
The process/task of reducing one or more textual documents with a computer program in order to create a summary that retains the most important points of the original document(s).
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/AutomaticSubtitling
The task/process of automatically adding subtitles to a video
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/MultilingualGeneration
The task/process of generating content in multiple languages
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LanguageTechnology
Language technology, often called human language technology, studies methods of how computer programs or electronic devices can analyze, produce, modify or respond to human texts and speech. It consists of natural language processing and computational linguistics on the one hand, and speech technology on the other. (from Wikipedia)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SupportOperationForKnowledgeResources
Any operation that intends to support the creation, curation or use of knowledge resource
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/BilingualLexiconInduction
The task/process of inducing word translations from monolingual or comparable corpora in two languages
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LexiconMerging
The task/process of merging (combining together) information coming from various lexical/conceptual resources
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LexiconEnhancement
The task/process of improving (e.g. increasing the size of entries, improving the information, adding new types of information, etc.) a lexicon
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LexiconVisualization
The task/process of visualizing information (e.g. using diagrams, 3-d images, word clouds etc.) contained in lexical/conceptual resources
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LexiconAccess
The task/process of accessing lexical/conceptual resources (either by humans or computer programs)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LexiconViewing
The task/process of viewing the contents of a lexicon as performed by human beings
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LexiconCreation
The task/process of constructing lexical resources (e.g. dictionaries, computational lexica, glossaries, etc.)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LexiconAcquisitionFromCorpora
The task/process of constructing lexical resources from corpora
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LexiconExtractionFromLexica
The task/process of constructing lexical resources based on the restructuring of lexical information contained in lexica (e.g. by parsing definitions or using syntactic information attached to lemmas)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LexiconFormatConversion
The task/process of converting the format of a lexical/conceptual resource into another (e.g. from TSV to XML)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/OperationWithMultimediaInputOrOutput
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TalkingHeadSynthesis
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SignLanguageRecognition
The task/process of recognizing from images and videos hand gestures performed in sign language
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/FaceDetection
The task/process of recognizing that a person appears on a digital image or a video frame from a video source and possibly marking the contours around it
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/HumanComputerInteraction
A multi-disciplinary research area focusing on the design and use of computer technology deployed in interfaces between humans and computers
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/MultimodalIntegration
The study of how information from the different sensory modalities, such as sight, sound, touch, smell, self-motion and taste, may be integrated by the nervous system. [from Wikipedia]
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TextToSpeechSynthesis
The task/process of converting speech into natural language text
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/DocumentReading
The task/process of converting the contents of a digital document into speech in order to aid mainly individuals with visual impairments
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/FaceRecognition
The task/process of identifying or verifying a person from a digital image or a video frame from a video source [adapted from Wikipedia]
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SpeechRecognition
The use of computer hardware and software-based techniques to identify and process human voice used tused to identify the words a person has spoken or to authenticate the identity of the person speaking into the system [adapted from https://www.techopedia.com/definition/6044/automatic-speech-recognition-asr]
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Transliteration
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SpokenLanguageUnderstanding
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SpeechEnhancement
The improvement of speech intelligibility by removing background noise from the speech signal
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Transcription
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/OrthographicTranscription
The task/process of transcribing a source language word/phrase or an audio segment into the standard spelling system of a target language
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/PhoneticTranscription
The visual representation of speech sounds (or phones)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SpeakerIdentification
The task/process of identifying/recognizing who the person speaking is
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SpeakerVerification
The task/process of verifying that a certain person is speaking
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SpeechAnalysis
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LipTrackingAnalysis
The task/process of recognising the lip contour and tracking the movements of lips in lip reading
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SpeechUnderstanding
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/MultimediaDocumentProcessing
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SignLanguageGeneration
The task/process of generating videos in sign language
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SpeechAssistedVideoControl
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/MultimediaDevelopment
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/FaceVerification
The task/process of validating a claimed identity based on the image of a face, and either accepting or rejecting the identity claim [adapted from http://www.idiap.ch/~marcel/labs/faceverif.php]
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/PersonIdentification
A process that identifies an individual uniquely by using unique personal identification number (PIN) and/or biometrics like fingerprint, face recognition etc.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TextAndDataAnalytics
The process/task of converting unstructured text and data into high-quality structured data that can be further analysed to extract knowledge, support decision making etc.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/ContentMining
The automated analysis of large volumes of content of any form or medium (e.g. text, images, videos, graphs, metadata etc.) that leads to the discovery of previously undiscovered information (e.g. identification of relationships between entities).
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Validation
The task/process of confirming that a system/data resource meets the specifications and fulfills its intended purpose
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SupportOperation
Any operation that is used to support LT tasks, either for creating workflows or for executing them
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Validation
The task/process of confirming that a system/data resource meets the specifications and fulfills its intended purpose
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LanguageIdentification
The task/process of guessing what natural language a text or text segment is written in
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/FormatConversion
The task/process of converting (changing) the format of a resource into another (e.g. PDF to TXT or XML)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/DependencyConversion
The task/process of converting constituency structures to dependency trees
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LexiconFormatConversion
The task/process of converting the format of a lexical/conceptual resource into another (e.g. from TSV to XML)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Editing
The task/process of changing the contents of a resource
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/DataSplitting
The task/process of splitting (partitioning) available data into parts, usually for cross-validatory purposes, e.g. in order to use one part for training purposes and the other for evaluation.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/CorpusManagement
The task/process of managing corpora, e.g. creating, viewing, etc. through an integrated environment
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/ManagementOfAnnotations
The task/process of managing (manually or (semi-)automatically) annotated texts, distributing them among annotators and monitoring their work
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Viewing
The task/process of viewing the contents of a resource as performed by human beings
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/CorpusViewing
The task/process of viewing the contents of a corpus as performed by human beings
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LexiconViewing
The task/process of viewing the contents of a lexicon as performed by human beings
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/UnicodeConformTokenizing
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/FacialExpressionRecognition
The task/process of detecting emotions on human face based on biometric markers [adapted from https://sightcorp.com/knowledge-base/facial-expression-recognition/]
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Debugging
The task/process of removing errors from a computer programme
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/DataMerging
The task/process of merging (combining) together data from various sources
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TextIndexing
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TagsetConversion
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Anonymization
The task/process through which particular text segments or data units that allow the identification of a person are removed or replaced
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/DataMasking
The process of hiding original data with modified content (characters or other data) in order to protect data classified as personal identifiable data, or sensitive data [adapted from Wikipedia]
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TextEncryption
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SupportOfCrowdsourcingTasks
Any operation that can support tasks that are accomplished through crowdsourcing
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/DataCollection
The process of gathering and measuring information on targeted variables in an established systematic fashion, which then enables one to answer relevant questions and evaluate outcomes.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Crawling
The use of bots that crawl the web (crawlers) in order to spot content that matches user-set criteria and download them to create large datasets
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/FlowControl
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/ScriptBasedAnalysis
The task/process of analysing a resource following a script
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/NlpDevelopmentSupport
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/ResourceAccess
Any operation that enables accessing a resource
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Reading
Getting access to the contents of an input resource
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Writing
The task/process of producing the output results of a process/workflow in various formats
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/DocumentImageAnalysis
The processing of images of documents in order to obtain a machine-readable description of the their contents and structure from the pixel data [adapted from https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/sadh/027/01/0003-0022]
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/OptimalCharacterRecognition
The task/process of converting handwritten or printed material into machine editable text
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Matching
The task/performance of identifying similar elements in two resources
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/GazeteerBasedMatching
The task/process of performing a comparison between a text/dataset and a gazeteer and identifying in the text/dataset units that are included in the gazeteer
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Paraphrasing
A task/process whereby a text fragment is reproduced with another text fragment that conveys the same or similar information
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/DocumentComparison
The task/process of comparing different versions of the same document
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/FeatureExtraction
Feature extraction consists in transforming arbitrary data, such as text or images, into numerical features usable for machine learning
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Pseudonymization
The processing of personal data in such a way that the data can no longer be attributed to a specific data subject without the use of additional information (from GDPR)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/BuildingOfFiniteStateAutomata
The task/process of creating Finite State Automata (a mathematical model of computation)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LanguageModelling
The construction of statistical or Machine Learning language models
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TrainingOfNmtModels
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/DialogueModelling
The task/process of building models of dialogues to be used in dialogue systems
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/StatisticalLanguageModelling
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TrainingOfLanguageModels
The task/process of training (statistical) language models that  that can estimate the distribution of natural language as accurately as possible.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TrainingOfMachineLearningModels
The task/process of creating Machine Learning (ML) models by providing a ML algorithm with training data that help the algorithm discover patterns in data, and construct the appropriate models using these discoveries
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Visualization
The representation of an object, situation, or set of information as a chart, diagram or any other image that helps end users understand the contents or message
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LexiconVisualization
The task/process of visualizing information (e.g. using diagrams, 3-d images, word clouds etc.) contained in lexical/conceptual resources
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TextCompression
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/HandwritingRecognition
The ability of a computer to receive and interpret intelligible handwritten input from sources such as paper documents, photographs, touch-screens and other devices [from Wikipedia]
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/UserAuthentication
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LinguisticAnalysis
Any operation that aims at the analysis of language or its structure
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Parsing
The task/process of recognizing and marking the syntactic structure of a text or text segment
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/DeepParsing
The  task/process of building complete parse trees for a sentence [adapted from https://stackoverflow.com/questions/37020577/shallow-parsing-vs-deep-parsing-in-stanford-corenlp-java]
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/FrameSemanticParsing
The task/process of recognising and labelling in a text predicate argument structures and the semantic roles of the constituents, in accordance to the frame semantics theory.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/ConstituencyParsing
The task/process of identifying and marking constituents (phrases, governed by a head and including function words and/or modifiers ) in a text or text segment
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/DependencyParsing
The task/process of identifying and marking the grammatical structure of a sentence, establishing relationships between ""head"" words and words that modify those heads
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Chunking
The task/process of dividing a sentence into chunks (non-overlapping text segments consisting of a head and preceding function words and/or modifiers)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/NounPhraseChunking
The task/process of identifying noun phrases in a sentence
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/AnaphoraResolution
The process/task of identifying all linguistic expressions that appear in a certain text or across texts and refer to the same entity
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/DiscourseAnalysis
A method of analysing the structure of texts or utterances longer than one sentence, taking into account both their linguistic content and their sociolinguistic context; analysis performed using this method.[OED, https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/discourse_analysis]
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/CoReferenceResolution
The process/task of determining all linguistic expressions that refer to the same entity in a certain text or across texts.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/IntraDocumentCoReferenceResolution
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/DerivationalAnalysis
The analysis of a word in order to identify its derivation, i.e. whether and how it has been formed on the basis of another word (e.g. through the use of affixes)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/MorphologicalAnalysis
The analysis of the structure of words and their relations to other words as regards their form and derivation
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Evaluation
The task/process of assessing the quality of a resource, e.g. based on the contents (for a dataset) or performance (for a tool or service)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/EvaluationOfMachineTranslationAndTranslationTools
The task/process of assessing the quality performance of machine translation tools
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SpeechSynthesisEvaluation
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/DeepParserPerformanceEvaluation
The task/process of measuring the speed and accuracy of deep parsers with respect to a manually parsed test corpus.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TaskOrientedTextAnalysisEvaluation
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/EvaluationOfBroadCoverageNaturalLanguageParsers
The task/process of assessing the quality performance of parsers
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/MachineTranslationSupport
Any operation that can be used for training or support of Machine Translation tools
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/ParallelSentenceExtraction
The task/process of identifying parallel sentences (i.e. sentences that have the same sense in different languages) in parallel texts
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Alignment
Establishment of translational equivalences between structural units (words, sentences etc.) of a text in a given language and a text with similar meaning in other language(s)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/PhraseAlignment
Alignment at phrase level
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SentenceAlignment
Alignment at sentence level
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/WordAlignment
Alignment at word level
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/InformationStorage
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/WordSenseDisambiguation
The process/task of identifying which sense of a word with multiple meanings is used in a particular context; the selection of the sense is made from a list of the word's senses.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Normalization
The task/process of editing a text in order to remove unwanted material (e.g. quotation marks, hyphenations etc.) or to substitute/represent specific items (tokens, dates,  etc.) with normalized values
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/NormalizationOfNumbers
The task/process of substituting numbers with normalized values
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/NormalizationOfMeasurements
The task/process of substituting measurements with normalized values
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/ConceptNormalization
The task of mapping free-form expressions to the concepts of a specific domain
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/BiomedicalConceptNormalization
The task of mapping free-form expressions to medical terms [source: Medical concept normalization in social media posts with recurrent neural networks]
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Annotation
The process/task of adding annotations to an item
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SpeechAnnotation
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/AnnotationOfSpeakerTurns
The task/process of marking locations in speech where there is a change of speakers
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SoundEventAnnotation
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/AudioSegmentation
The task/process of partitioning audio stream into homogeneous segments and classifying them into speech and non-speech segments
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/ParalanguageAnnotation
The task/process of annotating paralinguistic features, i.e. vocal features that accompany speech and contribute to communication but are not generally considered to be part of the language system (e.g. vocal quality, loudness, and tempo); facial expressions and gestures are also considered as paralinguistic features [adapted from https://www.dictionary.com/browse/paralanguage]
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/ProsodicAnnotation
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/ProsodicSegmentation
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SoundToTextAlignment
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SpeakerDiarization
Partitioning of audio stream into homogeneous segments according to speaker properties and acoustic conditions
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/MultimediaAnnotation
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TextAnnotation
The process/task of adding annotations (notes or comments) to a text; in TDM, the annotations refer mainly to the interpretative linguistic information grounded in a knowledge resource that is added manually or automatically to a text
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Stemming
The task/process of cutting off the ends of words (mainly inflectional affixes but sometimes also derivational affixes) aiming to relate words to a base form.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/DiscourseAnnotation
The task/process of adding annotations relevant to discourse, such as discourse structure, discourse markers etc.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/AnaphoraAnnotation
The process/task of marking all linguistic expressions that appear in a certain text or across texts as referring to the same entity and linking it to this entity
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Argumentation
The task/process of marking argumentative structures, components and relations in a text
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/DiscourseModelling
The task/process of building discourse models
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/CoreferenceAnnotation
The task/process of attaching tags to a text unit and linking it to other text units that refer to the same entity in the world
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/MorphosyntacticTagging
The task/process of adding morphosyntactic tags to words in a text, i.e. part-of-speech and, optionally, morphological features per part-of-speech.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/PosTagging
The task/process of marking words with the part of speech (word category, e.g. noun, verb etc.) to which they belong
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/BelowPosTagging
The annotation of words with morphological information besides the part of speech and dependent upon it (e.g. for nouns: gender, number and case; for verbs: tense, number, person etc.)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/MorphologicalAnnotation
The task/process of adding annotations pertaining to the morphological level of analysis (e.g. gender, number, person etc.)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/WordSegmentation
The task/process of segmenting (cutting) a word into root and affixes
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/AnnotationOfMultiWordUnits
The task/process of annotating multi-word units, i.e. combinations of words that are considered as one
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/AnnotationOfDerivationalFeatures
The task/process of adding annotations relevant to the derivational level of analysis (e.g. recognizing derivational affixes, tagging their meaning etc.)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/AnnotationOfCompounds
The task/process of marking compounds (single words composed of two or more free morphemes) and their parts
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/AnnotationOfCompoundingFeatures
The task/process of marking compounds (single words composed of two or more free morphemes) and their parts
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SyllableSegmentation
Segmentation of a word into syllables
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SemanticAnnotation
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SemanticRoleLabelling
The task/process of attaching labels that correspond to the roles that the arguments of a predicate take in an event
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/EventLabelling
The process/act of marking events and classifying them into types of events in a text
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TerminologyMarkup
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/FrameSemanticParsing
The task/process of recognising and labelling in a text predicate argument structures and the semantic roles of the constituents, in accordance to the frame semantics theory.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/AnnotationOfQuestionTopics
The task/process of attaching tags to the segment of a question that functions as the topic of that question
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/CertaintyLevelLabelling
The task/process of adding to statements in a text annotations that indicate the level of certainty of the author vis-a-vis the statement
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/AnnotationOfMeasurements
The task/process of annotating measurement expressions (e.g. of length, temperature, time, etc.)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SemanticClassLabelling
The task/process of classifying words in a text according to a set of semantic classes (types).
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/ReadabilityAnnotation
The process/task of adding readability scores (or any other type of similar annotation) to a text or textual segment showing how easy it is to read and understand its meaning.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TemporalExpressionsLabelling
The task/process of determining the boundaries of units of text that denote time-related concepts and attaching to them tags that name these concepts (e.g. date, time, duration etc.)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/AnnotationOfDates
The task/process of marking dates in a text
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/AnnotationOfTextualEntailment
The task/process of annotating textual entailments, most usually indicating whether a text entails or contradicts a hypothesis sentence or does neither.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/PolarityLabelling
The task/process of adding to units of a text (especially in sentiment-intensive texts) tags that indicate polarity (negative, positive, neutral, mixed)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/EntityLinking
The task/process of attaching tags to all the mentions of an entity in a text linking them together with the entity.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SemanticRelationLabelling
The task/process of attaching tags indicating the semantic relation that holds between units of a text.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/AnnotationOfNumbers
The task/process of annotating numbers in a text
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/StructuralAnnotation
The task/process of segmenting a text and recognizing textual structural units (paragraphs, sentences, words etc.)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/ParagraphSplitting
The task/process of segmenting a text into paragraphs and marking their boundaries
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SentenceSplitting
The task/process of recognizing and tagging sentence boundaries in a text
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Tokenization
The task/process of recognizing and tagging tokens (words, punctuation marks, digits etc.) in a text
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/AnnotationOfDocumentStructure
The task/process of annotating the internal structure of a document (e.g. book chapters, sections in a journal article, title, preface, images/figures etc.)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Lemmatization
Lemmatisation  (or lemmatization) in linguistics is the process of grouping together the inflected forms of a word so they can be analysed as a single item, identified by the word's lemma, or dictionary form. [Wikipedia]
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Parsing
The task/process of recognizing and marking the syntactic structure of a text or text segment
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/DeepParsing
The  task/process of building complete parse trees for a sentence [adapted from https://stackoverflow.com/questions/37020577/shallow-parsing-vs-deep-parsing-in-stanford-corenlp-java]
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/ConstituencyParsing
The task/process of identifying and marking constituents (phrases, governed by a head and including function words and/or modifiers ) in a text or text segment
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/DependencyParsing
The task/process of identifying and marking the grammatical structure of a sentence, establishing relationships between ""head"" words and words that modify those heads
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Chunking
The task/process of dividing a sentence into chunks (non-overlapping text segments consisting of a head and preceding function words and/or modifiers)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/NounPhraseChunking
The task/process of identifying noun phrases in a sentence
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Visualization
The representation of an object, situation, or set of information as a chart, diagram or any other image that helps end users understand the contents or message
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LexiconVisualization
The task/process of visualizing information (e.g. using diagrams, 3-d images, word clouds etc.) contained in lexical/conceptual resources
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Translation
The task/process of expressing the sense of a sequence of words in one language into another language
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Localization
The process of adapting a product or content to a specific locale or market, including translation of relevant language material but also converting to local measures and currency units, modifications necessary to adapt to cultural differences of the target audience, etc. [adapted from https://www.gala-global.org/industry/intro-language-industry/what-localization]
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/MachineTranslation
The automatic translation of a text from one language into another performed by software without human involvement
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/HumanAidedMachineTranslation
The process of performing Machine Translation facilitated by pre-editing or post-editing steps, or interactive human intervention to steer or select from alternative translations
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/ComputerAidedTranslation
A form of translation performed by a human translator with the aid of software programmes
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/MachineTranslationSupport
Any operation that can be used for training or support of Machine Translation tools
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/ParallelSentenceExtraction
The task/process of identifying parallel sentences (i.e. sentences that have the same sense in different languages) in parallel texts
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Alignment
Establishment of translational equivalences between structural units (words, sentences etc.) of a text in a given language and a text with similar meaning in other language(s)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/PhraseAlignment
Alignment at phrase level
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SentenceAlignment
Alignment at sentence level
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/WordAlignment
Alignment at word level
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SpeechToSpeechTranslation
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TextAndDataMining
The automated processing of unstructured text and/or structured data leading to the extraction of previously hidden knowledge.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/KnowledgeAcquisition
The process/task of extracting, organising and systematising knowledge usually of a specific domain from external sources so that it can be used in a knowledge-based system
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LexiconAcquisitionFromCorpora
The task/process of constructing lexical resources from corpora
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/BilingualLexiconInduction
The task/process of inducing word translations from monolingual or comparable corpora in two languages
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/OntologyEnhancement
The task/process of improving an ontology, typically by adding new relations or entities
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/OntologyAcquisition
The task/process of creating an ontology based on other resources (corpora, other lexical resources, etc.)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LexiconEnhancement
The task/process of improving (e.g. increasing the size of entries, improving the information, adding new types of information, etc.) a lexicon
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LexiconExtractionFromLexica
The task/process of constructing lexical resources based on the restructuring of lexical information contained in lexica (e.g. by parsing definitions or using syntactic information attached to lemmas)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/KnowledgeRepresentation
The task/process of representing information about entities in a form that machines are capable of understanding it
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/Prediction
In Machine Learning, it refers to the use of algorithms that learn from previous data in order to make predictions on data (by estimating probabilities from previous data)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/ImageUnderstanding
Advanced image processing in which artificial-intelligence techniques are used to interpret images by locating, characterizing, and recognizing objects and other features in the scene. [from https://www.encyclopedia.com/computing/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/image-understanding]
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/InformationRetrieval
The activity of obtaining information resources relevant to an information need from a collection of information resources; searches can be based on full-text or other content-based indexing
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/CrossLingualSearch
The ability of a system to retrieve relevant documents in various languages in response to a user query that is formulated in only one language
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/ExploratorySearch
A type of search which, in contrast to traditional lookup search, covers a broad class of activities, such as investigating, evaluating, comparing, and synthesizing
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SemanticSearch
A type of search that seeks to improve search accuracy by understanding the searcher's intent and the contextual meaning of terms as they appear in the searchable dataspace, whether on the Web or within a closed system, to generate more relevant results.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/MultilingualInformationRetrieval
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/MultimediaRetrieval
The activity of obtaining multimedia information resources relevant to an information need from a collection of multimedia information resources
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/InformationFiltering
The process/task of removing (filtering out) redundant or unwanted information from an information stream using (semi)automated or computerized methods prior to presentation to a human user; the selection of the items is based on the correlation between the content of the items and the user’s preferences (content-based filtering) or the correlation between people with similar preferences (collaborative filtering)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/InformationFilteringByRecommenderSystems
The delivery of information in the form of suggestions by recommender systems; recommender systems seek to predict the ""rating"" or ""preference"" that a user would give to an item
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TerminologySearch
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/InformationExtraction
The process/task of automatically extracting structured information from unstructured and/or semi-structured data
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/KeywordExtraction
The task/process of identifying keywords (words deemed indicative of the topic/subject) in a text/corpus
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SemanticReasoning
The inferrence of logical consequences from a set of asserted facts or axioms [from wikipedia]
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TermExtraction
The act/process of identifying and extracting candidate terms from a domain-specific corpus
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/RepresentationOfSpaceAndTime
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TextCategorization
The task/process of assigning documents into classes or categories
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/PolarityDetection
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/AgeBracketDetection
The task/process of identifying in a text a segment inside parentheses that describes an age group or age-related utterance
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/EntityMentionRecognition
The task/process of detecting in a text mentions of a specific class of entities (e.g. biochemical entities, historical persons)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LanguageIdentification
The task/process of guessing what natural language a text or text segment is written in
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/GenderDetection
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/BotDetection
The task/process of identifying segments of text or speech discourse that have been uttered by bots
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/EventDetection
The process/task of identifying events in data (text, video, images etc.), usually combined with their classification into types of events and recognition of the event attributes (e.g. time, place, participants and duration)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/MultimediaInformationExtraction
The process/task of automatically extracting structured information from multimedia data
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TemporalExpressionRecognition
The task/process of identifying temporal expressions (also called timex) in a text in order to extract temporal information
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/NegationDetection
The task/process of identifying negative cues (words, phrases) in a text
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SpeechRetrieval
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/EmotionDetection
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/PersuasiveExpressionMining
The task/process of identifying and extracting (especially from political speech texts) pieces of text that aim to persuade
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/ProsodicInformationProcessing
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/ExtractionOfDomainSpecificInformation
Extraction of information that pertains to specific domains/disciplines; it can be used combined with ""Annotation type"" to specify the type of information extracted
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/ExtractionOfFundingInformation
The task/process of detecting in a text and extracting information relevant to funding (e.g. funding programme, award, funder etc.)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/RelationExtraction
The process/task of identifying and classifying relation mentions between entities in text and/or data.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LanguageDetection
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/AuthorClassification
The task/process of organizing documents into groups/classes on the basis of their author
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/ComputationalArgumentation
The process/task of identifying and representing argumentation in text, so that systems have the ability to use them in tasks, such as automated logical reasoning
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/AutomaticHyperlinking
The identification of hyperlinkable entities (concepts, named entities) in a text and the assignment of hyperlinks (link targets) for each such entity.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TextAnalysis
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/RecognizingTextualEntailment
A task/process that intends to recognize for two text fragments whether the meaning of one text is entailed in that of the other, i.e. whether the truth of one text fragment follows from that of the other fragment.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/TopicDetection
The task/process of identifying the topic of a text or dataset (e.g. by clustering keywords or using topic models)
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/QuestionAnswering
The task/process where computer systems try to automatically answer questions posed by users in the form of natural language.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SentimentAnalysis
The process/task of computationally identifying and categorizing opinions expressed in a piece of text, especially in order to determine whether the writer's attitude towards a particular topic, product, etc. is positive, negative, or neutral
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/NaturalLanguageUnderstanding
The comprehension by computers of the structure and meaning of human languages, allowing users to interact with the computer using natural sentences. [adapted from https://www.gartner.com/it-glossary/nlu-natural-language-understanding]
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/ContradictionDetection
The task/process of identifying conflicting statements (contradictions) in a dataset
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/EmotionLabelling
The process/task of identifying types of feelings (e.g. anger, fear, happiness, sadness, etc.) in the linguistic expression of texts or facial expressions
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/NamedEntityRecognition
A subtask of information extraction that seeks to locate and classify named entities in text into pre-defined categories such as the names of persons, organizations, locations, expressions of times, quantities, monetary values, percentages, etc.
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/NamedEntityDissambiguation
The task/process of selecting among candidate entities from a knowledge base (or other information resource) the ones to which the named entities in a text refer to
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/EntityMentionLabelling
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/KnowledgeDiscovery
The task/process of automatically searching large volumes of data for patterns that can be considered knowledge about the data
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/AuthoringSupport
The task/process of providing spelling, grammatical or stylistic suggestions as an aid for the authoring task
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/LanguageChecking
The task/process of identifying (and usually correcting) grammatical mistakes in a text
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/SpellChecking
The task/process of checking the accuracy of spelling of a word (and usually correcting it) according to the accepted form
enumeration http://w3id.org/meta-share/omtd-share/GrammarChecking
Used by
Element ms:ToolService
Source
<xs:element name="function" type="omtd:Operation">
  <xs:annotation>
    <xs:documentation xml:lang="en">Specifies the operation/function/task that a software object performs</xs:documentation>
    <xs:appinfo>
      <identifier>http://w3id.org/meta-share/meta-share/function</identifier>
      <label xml:lang="en">function</label>
    </xs:appinfo>
  </xs:annotation>
</xs:element>
Schema location file:/C:/Users/PL/Dropbox/working/MS XSD/ELG-SHARE-schema official - git/Schema/ELG-SHARE.xsd